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Rough Collie - About the breed

Önnur nöfn: Collie, Skoskur Collie.

Saga

Uppruni Collie er eins óskżr og nafniš. Ein kenning um uppruna tegundarinnar byggir į aš uppruninn sé sį sami og hjį Border Collie. Ein kenning um uppruna nafnsins er aš žaš sé uppruniš ķ Gelķsku og žżši nytsamlegur, sem sannarlega lżsir fjįrhundi sem var mikils metinn af Keltum sem fyrstir settust aš į bresku eyjunum. Önnur kenning um uppruna er aš hann sé uppruninn frį skoskum smalahundum. Žegar Rómverjar geršu innrįs blöndušust žeirra hundar viš žarlenda skoska smalahunda. Fjįrhiršar byrjušu snemma į žvķ aš blanda saman fjįrhundum meš langt skott og fjįrhundum meš stutt skott, śt śr žvķ kom frįbęr hundur sem ber sig tķgulega.
Deilt er um uppruna Collie hundanna. Sumir trśa žvķ aš nafniš sé dregiš af enska oršinu “Colley”, frumstęš śtgįfa af skoskum kindum meš svarta grķmu og skott. Ašrir halda žvķ fram aš žeir dragi nafn sitt af fallegum kraga žeirra. Žó svo aš rekstur fjįr og gęsla séu ein af elstu notum hunda, kemur Collie ekki fram ķ sögubókum fyrr en um 1800. Bęši Rough- og Smooth Collie voru uppi į žeim tķma, en svo viršist sem žeir séu ekki ręktašir af sömu tegundablöndum. Einkenni Rough Collie var aš hann var smęrri, meš breišara höfuš og oftast svartur eša svartur og hvķtur.

Žegar tegundin var uppgötvuš af hundaįhugamönnum uršu bęši Rough og Smooth Collie hęrri og fįgašri, žróun tegundarinnar varš fyrir mestum įhrifum af afkomendum hundsins “Old Cockie” (f.1867) sem var ķ raun įbyrgur fyrir stašli tegundarinnar og einnig fyrir žvķ aš kynna sable litinn til sögunnar hjį Rough Collie.

Į svipušum tķma varš Viktorķa Englandsdrottning mikill įhugamašur um tegundina, og undir hennar verndarvęng óx stofninn, ekki ašeins hjį bęndum sem mįtu mikils vinnugildi žeirra heldur einnig hjį efri stéttum žjóšfélagsins sem uršu heillašar af fegurš hundanna. Um 1886 var stašall tegundarinnar skilgreindur og lżsir hann tegundinni eins og hśn er enn ķ dag. Į sama tķma žegar fjįrhundar uršu mikilvęgari ķ Amerķku, fluttu Vesturfarar Collie meš sér til nżja heimsins. Įriš 1878 kom Viktorķa drottning tegundinni aftur ķ svišsljósiš žegar hśn skrįši tvo Collie til keppni į Westminister hundasżningunni vķšfręgu. Žetta varš til žess aš Bandarķska efri stéttin bęttist viš Collie “fjölskylduna” og fljótlega var hęgt aš sjį Collie į virtustu heimilum Bandarķkjanna.

Duke Ažena Cooper
Sķšar fann tegundin bandamann ķ rithöfundinum Albert Payson Terhune sem skrifaši mikinn fjölda bóka um ęvintżri Collie hundanna sinna. Einn fręgasti Collie sem “uppi hefur veriš” er skįldaši hundurinn Lassie (e. Eric Knight) sem birtist fyrst ķ smįsögu į sķšum blašsins Saturday evening Post įriš 1938. Fyrsta skįldsagan um Lassie kom śt 1940 og fyrsta bķómyndin 1943. Žar er Lassie einstaklega traustur, fallegur og śrręšagóšur hundur en sś ķmynd hefur haldist sķšan. Vert er žó aš nefna aš ķ kjölfar myndanna, bókanna, sjónvarpsžįttanna og endurśtgįfna į slķku efni hefur Collie oršiš mjög vinsęl tegund og svo mikiš aš margir “Lassie” hundar hafa endaš ęvi sķna ķ hundaskżlum žar sem žeir voru ekki alveg eins og ķ myndunum.

Snögghęrša śtgįfan af Collie kallast Smooth Collie og er mun sjaldgęfari en Rough Collie.

Góšur įrangur į hundasżningum hefur įtt žaš til aš skyggja į smalarhęfileika žessa hunds. Hann er frįbęr félagi, aušveldur ķ žjįlfun, góšur varšhundur og barngóšur.

Skapgerš.

Collie er blķšur, hśsbóndahollur og hlżlegur vinur. Collie getur veriš fįlįtur gagnvart ókunnugum, en žó ekki įrįsagjarn. Žjįlfun ętti aš vera įkvešin, en varfęrin. Žetta er hundur meš mikla vinnueiginleika og žarf daglega žjįlfun bęši andlega og lķkamlega ella getur hann oršiš pirrašur. Hann er tilfinninganęmur, gįfašur og viljugur til aš žóknast skipunum žó hann geti veriš žrjóskur. Žeir geta nartaš ķ hęla ķ leik. Žar sem tegundin er fjįrhundur eiga žeir til aš gelta en meš réttu uppeldi mį halda žvķ nišri. Hann er frįbęr félagi, aušveldur ķ žjįlfun, góšur varšhundur og barngóšur.

Śtlit.

Glęsilegt śtlit Rough Collie var žaš fyrsta sem ręktendur og almenningur tók eftir. Collie er athafnasamur, lipur og sterkur hundur sem sameinar styrk, hraša og žokka.

Gangur hundsins gefur ķ skyn įreynslulausan hraša sem og hęfileikann til aš skipta um hraša og įttir samstundis eins og žörf er į hjį fjįrhundum.

Ytri feldurinn er sléttur, grófur og langur og žį sérstaklega makkinn og faxiš.

Svipur Collie er mikilvęgt ašalsmerki sem ręšst af lagi og jafnvęgi höfušs og snoppu, sem og eiginleika augna og eyrna.

Collie skal vera skarpur, įrvakur og gįfašur – eiginleikar sem hiš fįgaša śtlit gefur ķ skyn. Hęš skal vera į bilinu 56-61cm en žyngd rakka mį vera į bilinu 20-29kg en tķka į bilinu 18-25kg.

Žrķr litir eru višurkenndir:

Sable og hvķtur (helst frį ljós gylltu sable upp ķ rķkulegt mahoganż),

Žrķlitur (ašallega svartur meš įberandi tanmerkingar),

Merle (rįšandi silfur-blįr meš skellum af svörtu, tanmerkingar ęskilegar).

Hollż Indķ Garbó
Umhirša.

Bursta žarf feldinn aš minnsta kosti tvisvar ķ viku, oftar žegar hundurinn er aš fara śr hįrum. Klęr eru klipptar eftir žörfum, böšun žegar žess er žörf.

Hreyfing

Góšur göngutśr, skokk ķ taum eša skemmtilegur leiktķmi er naušsyn į hverjum degi.

Fjįrrekstur er fyrirtaks hreyfing. Collie getur bśiš utandyra ķ mešalheitu eša svölu loftslagi en hann er fjölskyldusinnašur hundur sem lķšur mun betur inni meš fjölskyldunni.

Į Ķslandi

Vķsirinn af Rough Collie ręktuninni ķ dag var Blue Merle tķkin Spaceline Toute A“L“Heure og var flutt inn įriš 1994 frį Svķžjóš,

Stašreyndir

  • Upprunaland: Bretland
  • Upprunatķmi: 1800
  • Fyrstu not: Smalahundur
  • Ķ dag: Félagi
  • Lķfsskeiš: 12-13 įr


Heimildir.

Petplanet.co.uk

DogbreedInfo.com

AnimalPlanet.com

American Kennel Club

Wikipedia

Lochlarencollies.com

Garbó Vaka Aron Tinna Ažena
Ręktunarmarkmiš

RFCI-Standard No 156
Collie (Rough Coat)


CHARACTERISTICS: To enable the Collie to fulfil a natural bent for sheepdog work, its physical structure should be on the lines of strength and activity, free from cloddiness and without any trace of coarseness. Expression, one of the most important points in considering relative values, is obtained by the perfect balance and combination of skull and foreface; size, shape, colour and placement of eye, correct position and carriage of ears.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Collie should instantly appeal as a dog of great beauty, standing with impassive dignity, with no part out of proportion to the whole.

Head and Skull: The head properties are of great importance and must be considered in proportion to the size of the dog. When viewed from the front or the side the head bears a general resemblance to a well-blunted clean wedge, being smooth in outline. The skull should be flat. The sides should taper gradually and smoothly from the ears to the end of the black nose, without prominent cheek bones or pinched muzzle. Viewed in profile the top of the skull and the top of the muzzle lie in two parallel, straight lines of equal length, divided by a slight, but perceptible "stop" or break. A mid-point between the inside corner of the eyes (which is the centre of a correctly placed "stop") is the centre of balance in length of head. The end of the smooth, well-rounded muzzle is blunt, but not square. The under-jaw is strong, clean cut and the depth of the skull from the brow to the underpart of the jaw, must never be excessive (deep through). Whatever the colour of the dog, the nose must be black.

Eyes: These are a very important feature and give a sweet expression to the dog. They should be of medium size, set somewhat obliquely, of almond shape and of dark brown colour, except in the case of blue merles when the eyes are frequently (one or both, or part of one or both), blue or blue flecked. Expression full of intelligence, with a quick, alert look when listening.

Ears: These should be small and not too close together on top of the skull, not too much to the side of the head. When in repose they should be carried thrown back, but when on the alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, i.e., with approximately two-thirds of the ear standing erect, the top third tipping forward naturally, below the horizontal.

Mouth: The teeth should be of good size, with the lower incisors fitting closely behind the upper incisors; a very slight space not to be regarded as a serious fault.

Neck: The neck should be muscular, powerful, of fair length and well arched.

Forequarters: The shoulders should be sloped and well-angulated. The forelegs should be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a moderate amount of bone.

Body: The body should be a trifle long compared to the height, back firm with a slight rise over the loins; ribs well-sprung, chest deep and fairly broad behind the shoulders.

Hindquarters: The hind legs should be muscular at the thighs, clean and sinewy below, with well bent stifles. Hocks well let-down and powerful.

Feet: These should be oval in shape with soles well padded, toes arched and close together. The hind feet slightly less arched.

Gait: Movement is a distinct characteristic of this breed. A sound dog is never out at elbow, yet it moves with its front feet comparatively close together. Plaiting, crossing or rolling are highly undesirable. The hind legs, from the hock joint to the ground, when viewed from the rear, should be parallel. The hind legs should be powerful and full of drive. Viewed from the side the action is smooth. A reasonably long stride is desirable and this should be light and appear quite effortless.

Tail: The tail should be long with the bone reaching at least to the hock joint. To be carried low when the dog is quiet, but with a slight upward swirl at the tip. It may be carried gaily when the dog is excited, but not over the back.

Coat: The coat should fit the outline of the dog and be very dense. The outer coat straight and harsh to the touch, the undercoat soft, furry and very close, so close as to almost hide the skin. The mane and frill should be very abundant; the mask or face, smooth, also the ears at the tips, but they should carry more hair towards the base; the forelegs well feathered, the hind legs above the hocks profusely so, but smooth below. Hair on the tail very profuse.

Colour: The three recognised colours are sable and white, tricolour and blue merle.

  • Sable: Any shade from light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Light straw or cream colour is highly undesirable.
  • Tricolour: Predominantly black with rich tan markings about the legs and head. A rusty tinge in the top coat is highly undesirable.
  • Blue Merle: Predominantly clear, silvery blue, splashed and marbled with black. Rich tan markings to be preferred, but their absence should not be counted as a fault. Large black markings, slate colour, or a rusty tinge either of the top or undercoat are highly undesirable.
  • White Markings: All the above may carry the typical white Collie markings to a greater or lesser degree. The following markings are favourable - White collar, full or part; white shirt, legs and feet; white tail tip. A blaze may be carried on muzzle or skull or both.

Weight and Size:

Dogs: 55.8 - 60.9 cm (22 - 24 in) at shoulder. Bitches: 50.8 - 55.8 cm (20 - 22 in) at shoulder.
Dogs: 20.4 - 29.4 kg (45 - 65 lb). Bitches: 18.1 - 24.9 kg (40 - 55 lb).

Faults: Length of head apparently out of proportion to body; receding skull or unbalanced head to be strongly condemned. Weak, snipy muzzle; domed skull; high peaked occiput, prominent cheek bones; dish-faced or Roman-nosed; undershot or overshot mouth; missing teeth; round or light coloured and glassy or staring eyes are highly objectionable. Body flat sided, short or cobby; straight shoulder or stifle; out at elbow; crooked forearms; cow-hocks or straight hocks, large, open or hare feet; feet turned in or out; long, weak pasterns; tail short, kinked or twisted to one side or carried over the back; a soft, silky or wavy coat or insufficient undercoat; prick ears, low-set ears; nervousness.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Tekiš af: http://www.dogdomain.com/FCI/fcistandards/fci-156.htm



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